Keeping your repository up-to-date is essential to ensure that your application runs smoothly and efficiently. One way to achieve this is by using Git, a distributed version control system. Git pull is a command that allows you to update your local repository with changes made to the remote repository.
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git pull, you need a local repository on your computer. If you haven’t created one, run
git init. Then, use
git pull to fetch and merge changes from the remote repository to your local one.
For example, let’s say you have a local repository on your computer that you want to update with changes made to the remote repository. You can do so by running the following command:
git pull origin [BRANCH-NAME]
Secondly, when you run the
git pull command, Git will automatically fetch the changes made to the remote repository and merge them with your local repository. This ensures that your local repository is always up-to-date with the latest changes made to the repository.
Visualize Your Git Pull History with Git Log and Graphical Tools
For instance, if there were changes made to the remote repository since you last pulled the changes. Git will fetch those changes and merge them with your local repository. You can see the changes that were pulled by running the following command:
git log --oneline --decorate --graph --all
Thirdly, it’s important to note that
git pull can lead to conflicts if there are changes made to the same files in both the remote and local repositories. To resolve conflicts, Git will prompt you to choose which changes to keep or merge.
For example, if you and your colleague made changes to the same file in the remote and local repositories respectively, Git will prompt you to choose which changes to keep or merge. You can resolve conflicts by running the following commands:
git add <file> git commit -m "Resolved conflicts"
It’s recommended to use
git pull regularly to keep your local repository up-to-date with changes made to the remote repository. By combining
git pull with other Git commands such as
git branch and
git push, you can effectively manage your repository. Use
git branch to create and manage branches, and use
git push to push your changes to the remote repository.
How Does Git Pull Work Behind the Scene?
When you run
git pull, Git performs two operations:
git fetch and
When you run git fetch, Git downloads any changes made to the remote repository since the last time you ran git fetch or git pull. Git retrieves the changes made to the remote repository and stores them in a separate branch in your local repository called
origin/<branch-name>. This allows you to see the changes made to the remote repository without actually merging them with your local repository.
When you run git merge, Git combines the changes made to the remote repository with your local repository. Git merges the changes in the
origin/<branch-name> branch with the branch you currently have checked out in your local repository. If there are no conflicts between the changes made to the remote and local repositories, Git performs a fast-forward merge, which updates your local repository with the changes made to the remote repository.
However, If the changes made to the remote and local repositories conflict with each other, Git will stop the merge process and prompt you to resolve the conflicts manually. You can use a merge tool to help you resolve the conflicts, or edit the files manually. Once you have resolved the conflicts, you can commit the changes and complete the merge process by running
git pull is an essential command for keeping your repository up-to-date.
git pull regularly ensures that your local repository stays in sync with the latest changes made to the remote repository.
This helps you to avoid merge conflicts and keep your codebase up-to-date. By combining git pull with other Git commands, such as git branch and git push, you can effectively manage your repository and collaborate with others on your project.
Just remember to resolve any conflicts that may arise and use other Git commands to manage your repository effectively.