The PHP “while” loop is a simple tool that repeatedly runs a block of code as long as a certain condition remains true. It’s like saying, “Keep doing this task until a specific situation changes.”.

However, this loop is especially handy when we don’t know beforehand how many times we’ll need to repeat the action.

Let’s move into the section below to understand the tasks of the while loop and its syntax in PHP.

PHP While Loop Syntax

The while loop is a control structure that allows you to execute blocks of code until the condition is evaluated as true.

Additionally, it is very useful for tasks such as reading lines from a file until the end is reached or waiting for an event to occur while continually checking for its occurrence.

Here is the syntax of the while loop:

while (expression) {
   // Here is the block of code 

It has two parts, which are:

  • Condition: This is the Boolean part evaluated before each iteration of the loop.
  • Code Block: It is the curly braces {} part that contains the repeated block of code.

Anyway, let’s see how the while loop works in PHP.

How the While Loop Works in PHP?

Check the following figure you will see the full task for the PHP while loop.

how to use while loop in PHP

As you understood, the while is doing a loop until it reaches “false” to exit the loop, so if it is true, it will execute the statement part.

For example

 $i = 0;
  While( $i < 10 ) {
    echo " $i <br />";	

The output would be like this  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

So if the condition is returning true when the $i is smaller than 10 so it will do another loop.

Each time it will do the same task, once it reaches the 10 result then it will exit the loop.

In the next section, I will focus on the one statement syntax for PHP while loop. Let’s move forward.

PHP While Infinite Loop

To execute only one line inside the while loop you have to use the following pattern in your PHP code.

while( true ) 

This pattern only executes the first line after the condition brace. In this syntax there are no curly braces.

For example.

while( true )
    echo " ";

Anyway, in the following section, you will understand the embedded while loop section. Let’s get started.

Embedded PHP While Loop with HTML Markups

The embedded while loop can be worked with any code else such as JavaScript or HTML markup language.

The main pattern for this syntax can be like the following one.

<?php  while( true ): ?>
    // .. JavaScript, PHP, HTML, OR whatever here ..
<?php endwhile; ?>

So, it executes the statement pattern according to the condition. For example.

  $i = 0;
  while( $i < 5 ): 
<h1>Welcome to CodedTag Tutorials.. </h1>
<?php endwhile; ?>

That’s all, in the following section I will move to the nested while loop.

Usage of Nested While Loop

The nested while loop means that you can use while loop inside another while loop. Let’s see an example;

// This example will print the multiplication table.
$basic = 1;
while($basic <= 12 ) {
   $factor = 1;
   while( $factor <= 12 ) {
     echo $basic . " x " . $factor . " = " . ($basic * $factor); // z x y = xyz
     echo "<br />";



Let’s summarize it.

Wrapping Up

In this tutorial, you learned about while loop and you saw many examples for it such as: Nested while loop, one statement while loop, infinite while loop with no curly braces example. Let’s summarize them in a few points.

  • Nested While Loop is a while loop inside another while loop.
  • One Statement While Loop showing a one single code, so there is no curly braces.
  • Infinite While Loop: this indefinitely runs, typically by using a condition that always evaluates to true (while (true)).

Thank you for reading. Happy Coding!